Neuro-Ophthalmology is the eye care specialty that diagnoses and manages visual symptoms and effects of brain diseases or neurological problems. Often, these visual problems related to the nervous system, can include loss of sight due to injury to the brain or the optic nerves which transmit visual signals from the eyes to the brain. This can be caused by trauma, inflammation, strokes, tumors, toxicities or infections. Sometimes neurological eye problems effect the control of eye movement, which may result in difficulty with eyesight in certain directions or double vision due to misalignment of the eyes.
Types of Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neurological Eye Problems
Some of the problems we see patients to diagnose, treat and manage include Optic Neuritis which is an inflammation of the optic nerve often found in patients with Multiple Sclerosis, Ischemic Optic Neuropathy, which is vision loss that occurs due to low blood flow to optic nerve, Pseudotumor Cerebri or Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH), which results from elevated spinal fluid pressure in the head, Pituitary Tumors, Orbital or Brain Tumors, Optic Nerve or Optic Chiasm Tumors, Temporal Arteritis, an inflammatory condition that causes blindness in both eyes in people over age 55, Stroke leading to a loss of brain function that may result in loss of peripheral visual field, nystagmus, or eye misalignment, Cranial Nerve Palsy, Optic Disk Drusen, which results in small, rock-like calcium deposits in the optic nerves that may affect peripheral vision, Nystagmus, a condition of involuntary, repetitive movements of the eyeballs that often accompanies other brain problems, Anisocoria, or pupils of different sizes, which may result from various brain and eye conditions, Myasthenia Gravis, an autoimmune condition often affecting the eyelids and extraocular muscles and Double Vision, a condition in which the eyes are out of line relative to one another and which resolves when covering one eye.